After new hampshire became the ninth state to ratify, on june 22, 1788, the confederation congress established march 9, 1789, as the date to begin operating under the constitution. Constitution day - also called citizenship day is a us federal government observance that honors the creation and adoption of the united states constitution and all persons who have become us citizens, through birth or naturalization. The years were 1787 and 1788 the places: out-of-doors in newspapers and pamphlets throughout america's thirteen states and in-doors in the state ratifying conventions. By june of 1788 nine states had ratified and began to prepare for elections to the new government in the fall of that year delaware was the first state to ratify, followed by pennsylvania, new jersey, georgia, connecticut, massachusetts, maryland, and south carolina new hampshire was the ninth. Dates date each state ratified the us constitution, years year states ratified constitution, list of order of state ratification of the us constitution history ratification of the us constitution dates the states ratified the constitution.
In the past 200 years, the constitution has been amended 27 times the 13th amendment, in 1865, forever banned the practice of slavery the 15th amendment, in 1870, gave all citizens the right to vote, regardless of their race. The constitution chose instead to require ratification by nine of the thirteen states, which ensured a consensus but without allowing a small number of states, rhode island in particular, to block the new constitution. The debates over and ratification of the us constitution in 1787-1788 have been described as the first great stroke of popular democracy in america and perhaps its most successful and momentous. On september 17, 1787, the constitution of the united states of america was adopted and sent to the states for ratification on december 7, 1787, delaware was the first colony/state to ratify the constitution with a 30-0 vote.
Observing constitution day on september 17, 1787, a majority of the delegates to the constitutional convention approved the documents over which they had labored since may after a farewell banquet, delegates swiftly returned to their homes to organize support, most for but some against the proposed charter. The fourth president of the united states (1809-1817) a member of the continental congress (1780-1783) and the constitutional convention (1787), he strongly supported ratification of the constitution and was a contributor to the federalist papers (1787-1788), which argued the effectiveness of the proposed constitution. Others expressed reservations but still signed, anticipating vigorous debates within their states 6 by june 1788, the requisite 9 states had ratified the constitution as the law of the land, and the continental congress announced that the new government would begin in march 1789. In june 1788, after the constitution had been ratified by nine states (as required by article vii), congress set march 4, 1789, as the date for the new government to commence proceedings (the first elections under the constitution were held late in 1788. The constitution of the united states is the oldest federal constitution now in use  since 1787, changes have been made to the united states constitution 27 times by amendments (changes.
This is an original and complete historic newspaper that reports on the state of south carolina's ratification of the united states constitution this 1788 original, authentic and complete newspaper has an extensive report which includes the actual vote on the constitution and the resolution passed by the south carolina constitutional. The process of state ratification of the united states constitution was a divisive one the new federal constitution on july 26, 1788 creating the united. The word slavery, however, did not appear in the constitution until the 1865 ratification of the 13th amendment, which abolished slavery in the united states patrick henry was elected as a delegate to the constitutional convention, but declined, because he smelt a rat. On january 2, 1788, georgia became the fourth state to ratify the us constitution in november of that year, to assure conformity with the federal document, georgia revised the constitution of 1777 through a constitutional convention.
In 1787 and 1788, following the constitutional convention, a great debate took place throughout america over the constitution that had been proposed. After ratification, congress set dates for the first federal elections and the official implementation of the constitution elections were set to take place from monday, december 15, 1788, to saturday, january 10, 1789 and the new government was set to begin on march 4, 1789. On june 21, 1788, new hampshire became the ninth state to ratify the document, and it was subsequently agreed that government under the us constitution would begin on march 4, 1789.
The federalist papers are a series of 85 articles or essays advocating the ratification of the united states constitution seventy-seven of the essays were published serially in the independent journal and the new york packet between october 1787 and august 1788. The requirement of ratification by nine states, set by article seven of the constitution, was met when new hampshire voted to ratify, on june 21, 1788 in new york, fully two thirds of the convention delegates were at first opposed to the constitution. This unique copy of the us constitution was printed by claxton and babcock in albany, new york, between february 11 and march 21, 1788 copies of the constitution were widely distributed following the document's signing by the members of the constitutional convention on september 17, 1787, and six states had already ratified it.
None since the constitution was ratified in 1788 the only thing which has changed since then is that, at that time, it permitted the election of a person who was born outside the area of territory of the states, but was resident within the us at the time of the adoption of the constitution. Additional amendments of the constitution download a pdf of the additional amendments the amendment process is detailed in article 5 of the constitutionamendments can be proposed in congress when two thirds of both the house and senate agree. Constitutional convention and ratification, 1787-1789 the constitutional convention in philadelphia met between may and september of 1787 to address the problems of the weak central government that existed under the articles of confederation. Since 1976, the successive editors of the documentary history of the ratification of the constitution have published twenty-three volumes, and there are at least eight more to come these volumes.