Hence why coherent stories presented in a court room hearing are being judged more plausible (pennington & hastie, 1988) so next time you want to tell the truth, make it a great, coherent story. Pennington and hastie (1986) found that evidence is evaluated as it fits into a plausible story, and any gaps between testimonies are filled by a plausible story the stories themselves are based on cause-effect reasoning (pennington & hastie, 1986. Pennington n, hastie r (1992) explaining the evidence: tests of the story model for juror decision making journal of personality and social psychology, 62, 189 - 206.
The adversarial system (two sides argue the case infront of the jury and judge) is all about persuading a jury the way in which we receive information affects how we process and remember it for example, the primary effect which demonstrates that the first words in a list are more likely to be. With the facts of the case and makes sense given their existing knowledge (hastie, 1993 hastie, penrod, & pennington, 1983) in contrast to these cognitive ap. 12 reid hastie & nancy pennington, explanation-based decision making, in judgment and decision making: an interdisciplinary reader 212 (terry connolly et al eds, 2000) nancy pennington & reid hastie, a cognitive theory of.
Figures 1 and 2 are reproductions of the pennington and hastie's (1993) figures 3 and 4 (pp 144, 145), which repre-sent the stories generated by juror 109 and 128, respective. The investigation by hastie and pennington was the first to address that decision making of jurors occurred through this method of thinking, not the bayesian way of thinking in terms of probability. Pennington and hastie's (1986, 1992) story model, arguably the currently dominant model of juror decision making, does not presently include any mechanism like predecisional distortion to. Pennington and hastie (1986, 1988, 1993) have argued that a causal model ofdecision information is used in decision situations in which a large amount ofinfor. Pennington and hastie (1992) note that many of the elements of the story that a juror might construct will consist of true events presented during the trial however.
Investigates the story model, n pennington and r hastie's (1986, 1988) explanation-based theory of decision making for juror decisions in exp 1, varying the ease with which stories could be. Pennington and hastie (1992) demonstrated that when the evidence is presented in a way that makes it easier for participants to create a story, the participants are. Pennington and hastie presented a with an recording of testimony based on a real trial, 'massachusetts v ' the evidence was presented in either story order or witness order, by the prosecution or defence, producing a '2x2' partitions mock jury matrix story of ivs.
Confirmation bias, as the term is typically used in the psychological literature, connotes the seeking or interpreting of evidence in ways that are partial to existing beliefs, expectations, or a hypothesis in hand. This is the key for our future we must ensure we are building a nation of competent citizens capable of thinking critically at work, at home and in the public arena. 244 nancy pennington and reid hastie so that we would expect episodes to serve as elements of higher order episode structures (eg, rumelhart, 1977. The participant reports were scored according to how well they told a well-developed story (rating scale items were based on a schema defined by pennington & hastie, 1986, 1992) the participants that observed storyboard ads presented in a narrative style did engage in narrative processing of the information more than those that saw the.
Reid hastie has degrees from stanford university, the university of california at san diego, and yale university in psychology he has taught at harvard university, northwestern university, the university of colorado (where he was director of the center for research on judgment and policy), and is now a professor of behavioral science on the faculty of the graduate school of business in the. Rational choice in an uncertain world: the psychology of judgment and decision making by hastie, reid, dawes, robyn m (november 17, 2009) paperback 1800 paperback. Pennington and hastie showed people a movie of a trial they found that in order to make sense of the wealth of detail, the participants constructed stories about what happened in another experiment, they found that when evidence was given in an order which made the story easy to construct, the participants were more likely to construct the.